Loops

A loop is a statement which allows code to be repeatedly executed. Sanny Builder supports three kinds of controls loops: for, while, repeat.

FOR..END

The FOR loop has a strictly certain number of iterations (repetitions).

Syntax: FOR <loop variable> = <initial value> TO/DOWNTO <final value> [step = 1] <the loop body> END

<loop variable> - a variable used as a counter for iterations <initial value> - a value of the loop variable before the first iteration (any value including a model identifier) TO or DOWNTO - increment or decrement the loop variable between iterations <final value> - a value of the loop variable after the last iteration (any value including a model identifier) <step> - an optional value the loop variable will be incremented or decremented with between iterations. By default it is equal to 1.

var
$value: int = 0
$final: int = 100
end
FOR $MyCounter = 1 to $final step 2
$value += $mycounter
end

If the loop variable is not declared with any type before the loop it gets the Integer type. If initial value, final value or step are variables, they get the same type the loop variable has To use floating-point numbers for the initial and final values, declare the loop variable with the Float type.

var
$MyCounter: float
end
FOR $MyCounter = 1.0 to $final step 2.0
end

Variables $MyCounter and $final both have the Float type after the loop.

WHILE..END

Syntax: WHILE <loop condition> <the loop body> END

loop condition - a single conditional opcode loop body - commands to execute on each iteration; can be omitted

while not #AK47.Available
wait 0
end

The WHILE loop works while the loop condition is true. The condition is evaluated before a loop iteration. Hence, if the condition is false, the loop body never gets executed.

$var = 10
while $var > 11
inc($var)
end
// as the loop condition is false, inc($var) never gets executed

Constants True and False can be used as a loop condition.

while true
<loop body>
end

This loop body executes infinitely until the loop is stopped with the Break command.

while false
<loop body>
end

This loop is ignored by the compiler as the condition is never met.

Currently the compiler accepts only one opcode in the loop condition, but you can check more conditions before the loop body and use the commands Break and Continue.

while true
if and
$var >= 0
$var <= 100
then
Break
end
// loop executes while $var is in the range [0...100]
<loop body>
end

REPEAT..UNTIL

Syntax: REPEAT <the loop body> UNTIL <loop condition>

loop body - commands to execute on each iteration; can be omitted loop condition - a single conditional opcode

The REPEAT..UNTIL loop executes until the loop condition returns false. The condition is evaluated after iteration therefore the loop is guaranteed to be executed at least once.

Constants True and False can be used as the loop condition.

repeat
// the loop has the only iteration
until true
repeat
// the loop executes infinitely until it's stopped with the Break command
until false

Currently the compiler accepts only one opcode in the loop condition, but you can check more conditions after the loop body and use the commands Break and Continue.

repeat
<loop body>
if and
$var >= 0
$var <= 100
then
Break
end
// loop executes while $var is in the range [0...100]
until false

Continue and Break

If you want to skip the current iteration and proceed to the next one, use the Continue command.

The Break command causes the loop to stop immediately and proceed to the command after the loop body.

They can substitute an opcode parameter (e.g., jf Continue) or serve as a standalone statement.

while true
if
not $currentactor.dead
jf Break // exit the loop
if
$currentactor.dead
then
Continue // go to the next iteration
end
end